Material Safety Data
Sulfuric Acid, 95-98%, C.P.
MSDS Name: Sulfuric Acid, 95-98%, C.P.
Section 1 - Chemical Product and Company
Numbers: AC133610000, AC133610010, AC133610025
sulfate; Oil of vitriol; Vitriol brown oil; Matting acid; Battery acid;
Acros Organics N.V.
One Reagent Lane
Fair Lawn, NJ 07410
For information in North America, call:
For emergencies in the US, call CHEMTREC:
Section 2 -
Composition, Information on Ingredients
Risk Phrases: 35
Section 3 - Hazards
Appearance: clear colorless - oily liquid. Danger!
Corrosive. Causes eye and skin burns. Hygroscopic. May cause severe respiratory
tract irritation with possible burns. May cause severe digestive tract
irritation with possible burns. Cancer hazard. Mutagen. May cause fetal effects
based upon animal studies. May cause kidney damage. May be fatal if inhaled. May
cause lung damage.
Target Organs: Kidneys, heart, lungs,
respiratory system, cardiovascular system, teeth, eyes.
Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes severe eye burns. May cause irreversible
Skin: Causes skin burns. Continued contact can
cause tissue necrosis.
Ingestion: May cause severe and
permanent damage to the digestive tract. Causes gastrointestinal tract burns.
May cause systemic toxicity with acidosis.
cause severe irritation of the respiratory tract with sore throat, coughing,
shortness of breath and delayed lung edema. Causes chemical burns to the
respiratory tract. Inhalation may be fatal as a result of spasm, inflammation,
edema of the larynx and bronchi, chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema.
Causes corrosive action on the mucous membranes.
Prolonged or repeated inhalation may cause kidney and lung damage. Prolonged or
repeated skin contact may cause dermatitis. Prolonged or repeated inhalation may
cause nosebleeds, nasal congestion, erosion of the teeth, perforation of the
nasal septum, chest pain and bronchitis. Prolonged or repeated eye contact may
cause conjunctivitis. May cause fetal effects. May cause cancer in humans.
Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. May cause ischemic
Section 4 - First Aid
Eyes: Get medical aid immediately. Do NOT allow
victim to rub or keep eyes closed. Extensive irrigation with water is required
(at least 30 minutes).
Skin: Get medical aid immediately.
Immediately flush skin with plenty of soap and water for at least 15 minutes
while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Destroy contaminated shoes.
Ingestion: Do NOT induce
vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid
Inhalation: Get medical aid immediately.
Remove from exposure to fresh air immediately. If breathing is difficult, give
oxygen. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If breathing has ceased apply
artificial respiration using oxygen and a suitable mechanical device such as a
bag and a mask.
Notes to Physician: Monitor arterial blood
gases, chest x-ray, and pulmonary function tests if respiratory tract irritation
or respiratory depression is evident. Treat dermal irritation or burns with
standard topical therapy. Effects may be delayed. Do NOT use sodium bicarbonate
in an attempt to neutralize the acid.
Antidote: Do NOT use
oils or ointments in eye.
Section 5 - Fire
Information: As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus
in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective
gear. Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent contact with skin and
eyes. Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) to prevent contact with
thermal decomposition products. Contact with water can cause violent liberation
of heat and splattering of the material. Contact with metals may evolve
flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated or if contaminated
with water. Runoff from fire control or dilution water may cause pollution.
Extinguishing Media: Do NOT use water directly on fire. Use
carbon dioxide or dry chemical. Do NOT get water inside containers. Cool
containers with flooding quantities of water until well after fire is out. For
large fires, flood fire area with large quantities of water, while knocking down
vapors with water fog.
Section 6 -
Accidental Release Measures
Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in
Spills/Leaks: Avoid runoff into storm sewers and
ditches which lead to waterways. Clean up spills immediately, observing
precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Provide ventilation. Use water
spray to reduce vapors, do not put water directly on leak, spill area or inside
container. Cover with dry earth, dry sand, or other non-combustible material
followed with plastic sheet to minimize spreading and contact with water. Keep
combustibles (wood, paper, oil, etc.,) away from spilled material.
Section 7 - Handling
Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove
contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on
clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale. Do not allow
contact with water. Use only in a chemical fume hood. Discard contaminated
shoes. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Do not store near combustible materials. Keep container closed when not in use.
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances.
Keep away from water. Corrosives area. Do not store near alkaline substances.
Store protected from moisture.
Section 8 - Exposure
Controls, Personal Protection
Controls: Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be
equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use only under a chemical
||(1 mg/m3) TWA; (3 mg/m3) STEL
||1 mg/m3 TWA 15 mg/m3 IDLH
OSHA Vacated PELs: Sulfuric
acid: 1 mg/m3 TWA
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical
safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29
CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that
meets OSHA's 29 CFR ?910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN
149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator's use.
Section 9 - Physical
and Chemical Properties
Appearance: clear colorless - oily liquid
pH: 0.3 (1N Solution)
Vapor Pressure: 1 mm Hg @
Vapor Density: 3.38
Evaporation Rate:Slower than
Viscosity: 21 mPas @ 25 C
Boiling Point: 280 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point:3 deg C
Flash Point: Not available.
Temperature:340 deg C
NFPA Rating: (estimated) Health: 3;
Flammability: 0; Reactivity: 2
Explosion Limits, Lower:Not available.
Upper: Not available.
Solubility: Soluble in water and
Section 10 -
Stability and Reactivity
Stability: Combines vigorously with water with the evolution of heat.
Reported to have exploded when in a sealed container. This was most likely due
to pressure of hydrogen by reduction of water.
Conditions to Avoid:
Mechanical shock, incompatible materials, metals, excess heat, combustible
materials, organic materials, exposure to moist air or water, oxidizers, amines,
Incompatibilities with Other Materials: Bases, strong
dehydrating agents, organic materials, finely powdered metals, moisture,
carbides, chlorates, cyanides (e.g. potassium cyanide, sodium cyanide), azides,
fulminates, picrates, nitrates, alkali halides, zinc, iodides, permanganates,
hydrogen peroxides, perchlorates, nitromethane, phosphorus, nitrites,
cyclopentadiene, cyclpentanone oxime, nitroaryl amines, lithium silicides, iron,
mercuric nitride, benzene, potassium chlorates, steel, cesium acetylene carbide,
trihydroxydiamino phosphate, phosphorus trioxide.
Products: Oxides of sulfur, irritating and toxic fumes and gases.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.
Section 11 -
CAS# 7664-93-9: WS5600000
Draize test, rabbit, eye: 250 ug Severe;
LC50 = 320 mg/m3/2H;
Inhalation, rat: LC50 = 510 mg/m3/2H;
Oral, rat: LD50
= 2140 mg/kg;
ACGIH: A2 - Suspected Human Carcinogen (contained in strong inorganic
OSHA: Select carcinogen
IARC: Group 1
Epidemiology: No data available.
Teratogenicity: Specific Developmental Abnormalities: Inhalation,
rabbit: TCLo = 20 mg/m3/7H (female 6-18 days after conception).
Reproductive Effects: No data available.
Mutagenicity: Cytogenetic Analysis: Hamster, ovary =
Other Studies: No data available.
Section 12 -
Fish: Bluegill/Sunfish: 49 mg/L; 48 Hr; TLm (tap water @ 20C) Bluegill/Sunfish:
24.5 ppm; 48 Hr; TLm (fresh water) No data available.
Sulfuric acid reacts with calcium and magnesium in water to form sulfate salts.
During transport through the soil, sulfuric acid can dissolve some of the soil
material, in particular carbonate-based materials.
Other: No information available.
Section 13 - Disposal
Chemical waste generators
must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste.
US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR
Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local
hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
Section 14 -
Section 15 -
CAS# 7664-93-9 is listed on the TSCA
Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the
chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals
in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CAS# 7664-93-9: final RQ = 1000 pounds (454 kg)
CAS# 7664-93-9: TPQ = 1000 pounds; RQ = 1000 pounds
CAS # 7664-93-9: acute, chronic, reactive.
This material contains Sulfuric acid (CAS# 7664-93-9, 95 98 0%),which
is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40
CFR Part 373.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any
hazardous air pollutants. This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone
depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
CAS# 7664-93-9 is listed as a Hazardous Substance
under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority
Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as
Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in
this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
7664-93-9 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California,
New Jersey, Florida, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.
European Labeling in
Accordance with EC Directives
R 35 Causes severe burns.
In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately
with plenty of water and
seek medical advice.
S 30 Never add water to this product.
S 45 In case
of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 7664-93-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 7664-93-9 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
This product has a WHMIS
classification of C, D1A, E.
CAS# 7664-93-9 is listed on Canada's Ingredient
CAS# 7664-93-9: OEL-ARAB Republic
of Egypt:TWA 1 mg/m3 OEL-AUSTRALI
A:TWA 1 mg/m3 OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 1 mg/m3;STEL
3 mg/m3 OEL-CZECHOSLOVAKI
A:TWA 1 mg/m3;STEL 2 mg/m3 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 1 mg/m3
mg/m3;STEL 3 mg/m3;Skin OEL-FRANCE:TWA 1 mg/m3;STEL 3 mg/m3
MANY:TWA 1 mg/m3 OEL-HUNGARY:STEL 1 mg/m3 OEL-JAPAN:TWA 1 mg/m3
-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 1 mg/m3 OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 1 mg/m3
AND:TWA 1 mg/m3 OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 1 mg/m3;Skin OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 1
STEL 3 mg/m3 OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 1 mg/m3;STEL 2 mg/m3
WA 1 mg/m3 OEL-TURKEY:TWA 1 mg/m3 OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 1
L IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW
LAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGI TLV
Section 16 -
MSDS Creation Date:
Revision #2 Date: 8/02/2000
The information above is
believed to be accurate and represents the best information currently available
to us. However, we make no warranty of merchantability or any other warranty,
express or implied, with respect to such information, and we assume no liability
resulting from its use. Users should make their own investigations to determine
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for lost profits or any special, indirect, incidental, consequential or
exemplary damages, howsoever arising, even if Fisher has been advised of the
possibility of such damages.